Social and Ethical Issues

The psychological consequences of people being in permanent contact

Example: social networking such as facebook, excessive use of mobile phones especially texting, internet addiction including online gaming

Ethical considerations of control as the result of using communications technologies

Examples: parental control with GPS devices in mobile phones

Social impact on health of the use of mobile devices

Examples: is there a connection between wifi and cancer? What about ergonomic implications such as RSI?

Effect on personal productivity of personal communications devices

Examples: anytime, anywhere concept such as notebooks for students in schools, are mobile phones a distraction?

Effect on the environment of personal communications devices

Examples: what about disposal of goods?

Social effects of telecommuting

Examples: Can mothers work from home?

Social effects of the widespread use of teleconferencing and videoconferencing

Examples: reduction in travel costs however how much body language do we lose?

Social and environmental impact and ethical considerations of telecommuting

Social impact and ethical considerations of: distance learning, digital entertainment, global media and public information systems.

Examples: wikispaces and eClassroom are examples of distance learning,

Knowledge of technology


the combining of personal computers, telecommunication, and television into a user experience that is accessible to everyone (




digital television

Digital television (DTV) refers to the sending and receiving of moving images and sound by means of discrete (digital) signals, in contrast to the analog signals used by analog TV. Introduced in the late 1990s, this technology appealed to the television broadcasting business and consumer electronics industries as offering new financial opportunities. Digital television is more flexible and efficient than analog television. When properly used by broadcasters, digital television allows higher-quality images and sound and more programming choices than analog does. However, although DTV allows for superior technical quality, a digital signal does not necessarily carry a higher-quality image or sound than an analog signal (Wikipedia)

Push–pull technologies

Push technology on the Internet refers to a style of communication protocol where the request for a given transaction originates with the publisher, or central server. It is contrasted with pull technology, where the request for the transmission of information originates with the receiver, or client. (Wikipedia)

Instead of "pulling" content from Web sites using your browser, with push technologies, you just "tune" your client software to receive information from a server site and sit back and drink in the content. It's like putting your Web browser on autopilot.
The difference between push and pull is a little like the difference between tv and paper magazines. You have to go out to buy the paper stuff (you have to "pull" it in). With tv, you just tune your client (tv set) to a site (television channel) and sit back on the couch and soak it in (content is "pushed" to you). Except push on the Net is a little different, perhaps more like television-on-demand, because you can sometimes request specific content without having to wait for it to be broadcast at a specific time. (

mobile phone and associated services and uses

digital entertainment versus live entertainment

contents of digital entertainment, for example, violence, pornography and realism

features of telecommuting, for example, environmental aspects, flexibility, productivity, business and social relationships

face-to-face communications versus communications via technology

For example, doctor and patient

minimum requirements to enable realistic teleconferencing and videoconferencing

undetected intrusions into IT systems, for example, phone tapping

personal mobile devices, for example, PDA, laptop

A personal digital assistant (PDA) is a handheld computer, also known as small or palmtop computers. PDAs have many uses: calculation, use as a clock and calendar, accessing the Internet, sending and receiving E-mails, video recording, typewriting and word processing, use as an address book, making and writing on spreadsheets, scanning bar codes, use as a radio or stereo, playing computer games, recording survey responses, and Global Positioning System (GPS). Newer PDAs also have both color screens and audio capabilities, enabling them to be used as mobile phones (smartphones), web browsers, or portable media players. Many PDAs can access the Internet, intranets or extranets via Wi-Fi, or Wireless Wide-Area Networks (WWANs). Many PDAs employ touch screen technology.(Wikipedia).

emerging technologies as the result of convergence of computers and communications technology

public information systems, for example, traffic control, security camera systems, public transfer information systems